Autoimmune diseases are caused by the immune system ramping up to attack foreign substances. There are many different infections that can trigger an autoimmune reaction. These include group A streptococcus bacteria, the Epstein-Barr virus, and cytomegalovirus. Lack of sunlight and vitamin D deficiency have also been linked to autoimmune diseases. Some studies have also linked autoimmune diseases to overly sterile environments. These studies support the hygiene hypothesis, which states that people who are exposed to fewer antigens will have a more dysfunctional immune response.
An autoimmune disease diagnosis begins with a careful history and physical exam. The physical examination can indicate that a patient has an autoimmune disease if certain symptoms occur. Occasionally, more detailed testing is necessary. In some cases, imaging studies are used to evaluate specific symptoms of an autoimmune disease, such as X-rays of swollen joints or an ultrasound of the heart. Treatment options vary widely from person to person. While the first step in diagnosing an autoimmune disease is often a physical exam, medications can help ease symptoms and improve overall health.
Although autoimmune diseases are associated with increased risks of heart disease, there is no known cure for this condition. However, you can reduce your risk of heart disease by practicing healthy habits and talking to your doctor. Healthy living is important no matter what your age is. Although it can be difficult for women to lead an active life, it is crucial to make sure you find the balance between a healthy lifestyle and a disease that causes discomfort. A physician can help you make the right decision based on your individual needs and circumstances.
The most common symptoms of autoimmune disease include rashes, fever, and muscle weakness. However, the symptoms are usually nonspecific and may mimic other common illnesses. Diagnosis of autoimmune diseases is often difficult, as most children exhibit a combination of symptoms. If a child develops a recurrence of symptoms, it is best to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Pediatricians can refer patients to pediatric rheumatologists to determine if autoimmune disease is the cause.
Many autoimmune diseases can be caused by a foreign substance that mimics your own body’s own cells. For example, group A strep bacteria mimics the proteins in the heart muscle and produces antibodies that attack the muscle. It is also possible for normal body cells to become altered into non-self cells, or rogue T cells. These are known as autoantibodies. These antibodies attack the organ and cause severe discomfort.
An autoimmune disease is caused by an overactive immune system that attacks healthy tissues and organs. This results in inflammation and can affect many different parts of the body. Some common symptoms of autoimmune disease are fever, fatigue, muscle aches and joint pain, skin issues, and swelling. Symptoms of an autoimmune disease may be mild or severe, depending on the severity of the condition. People who are born with a family history of this condition are at a higher risk for developing autoimmune diseases than men.